How about cryoablation?
TA McArthur, CA Narducci, PH Lander and R Lopez-Ben,
Current problems in diagnostic radiology, Jul Aug 2017 -
Painful osseous metastases are a common problem in patients with malignancy, and they can be associated with significant morbidity owing to immobility, pain, pathologic fracture, or neurovascular compromise or all of these. We retrospectively evaluated pain levels and tumor enhancement in patients who underwent palliative percutaneous cryoablation for painful bone metastasis.In this institutional review board-approved, health insurance portability and accountability act-compliant study, we retrospectively searched our department׳s picture archiving system for patients who underwent computed tomography (CT)-guided percutaneous cryoablation for treatment of painful metastatic osseous disease over a 6-year period (1/1/2005-12/31/2011). The preprocedure and postprocedure images and imaging reports, primary tumor type, CT-guided cryoablation procedure details, treated tumor response, immediate and 3-month postprocedure complications, reported pain response to cryoablation, postprocedural tumor imaging characteristics, and imaging response of noncryoablated systemically treated metastatic lesions were reviewed in patients with metastatic osseous disease who underwent cryoablation.All 16 patients reported improvement in pain within 1 week after the procedure and at 3-month clinical follow-up. A total of 6.2% had tumor growth and 93.8% had tumor arrest or shrinkage on follow-up CT, although all study patients had progression of noncryoablated metastases at other sites despite systemic therapy. A total of 62.5% of patients with posttreatment contrasted CT demonstrated marginal enhancement at the ablation site, although only single patient had interval growth.Most of our patients had tumor arrest or shrinkage on follow-up imaging, despite progression of noncryoablated metastases treated with preprocedure and postprocedure systemic therapy. Radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and analgesics have a moderate failure rate and require repeat treatments where quality of life is the foremost objective. CT-guided cryoablation is a safe palliative treatment to reduce pain in patients with painful osseous metastatic disease, achieve effective local tumor control, and in some cases, provide a curative option for a target lesion.
MR Callstrom, TD Atwell, JW Charboneau, MA Farrell, MP Goetz, J Rubin, JA Sloan, PJ Novotny, TJ Welch, TP Maus, GY Wong and KJ Brown,
Radiology, Nov 2006
To prospectively determine the safety and effectiveness of percutaneous cryoablation for the reduction of pain, improvement in the activities of daily life, and reduction in the use of analgesic medications for patients with painful metastatic lesions involving bone.This study was compliant with HIPAA and was approved by the institutional review board. Written informed consent was obtained. During 18 months, 14 patients (eight men, six women; age range, 21-72 years; mean age, 54 years) with one or two painful metastatic lesions involving bone, with a score of 4 or greater out of 10 for worst pain in a 24-hour period, and who did not respond to or refused conventional radiation treatment or chemotherapy were treated with percutaneous cryoablation. Patient response was measured with the Brief Pain Inventory, and analgesic use was recorded before and after the procedure at days 1 and 4, weekly for 4 weeks, and then every other week for a total of 6 months. Complications were monitored. Analysis of the primary end points was undertaken with paired comparison procedures by using paired t tests across individual time points supplemented with repeated measures analysis of variance.Treated lesions were 1-11 cm in diameter. Before cryoablation, the mean score for worst pain in a 24-hour period was 6.7 of 10; the score decreased to 3.8 (P = .003) 4 weeks after treatment. Mean pain interference with activities of daily living was 5.5 of 10 before treatment and decreased to 3.2 (P = .004) 4 weeks after treatment. All eight (100%) patients (exact 95% binomial confidence interval: 63%, 100%) for whom narcotics were prescribed prior to the procedure reported a reduction in these medications after cryoablation. No serious complications were observed.Percutaneous cryoablation is a safe and effective method for palliation of pain due to metastatic disease involving bone.